Anabolic steroids were first developed in 1930, and they were used in World War II to speed recovery, treat wounds and assist in major surgery.
Anabolic steroids are sold as pills, capsules or liquids.
Most steroids bought in gyms or on the street are fakes. They are made for veterinary use on animals, or are other drugs entirely. Therefore they are of unpredictable strength and ingredients. Some may contain little or no steroid, while others may give serious or dangerous side effects if taken unsupervised.
method of use
Swallowed or injected.
Steroids are hormones that occur naturally within the body. Anabolic steroids are those artificially synthesised to simulate the male 'sex' hormone — testosterone. If taken over a prolonged period, they will increase muscle bulk and aggression.
Anabolic steroids will increase retention of nitrogen, which will promote muscle growth. But although the user will feel more aggressive and determined, their actual strength will not become increased unless taken alongside some intensive training.
There is also no evidence to support the claims of increases in stamina unless by similar means. What is sure is that without long-term use there can be no benefit from taking the drug. With long-term use there will be a masculinising effect upon the bodies of women, which may not be reversible; men may suffer from a reversible decrease in sperm count and size of testes, hair loss and the development of breast tissue.
Young people using these drugs regularly over a period of time may stunt their growth. All users have an increased risk of coronary heart disease, due to raised blood pressure and raised cholesterol levels, and there are rare cases where users have died of lung cancer caused by steroids.
Unwanted side effects may be greater when steroids are taken in high doses, or if different combinations of steroids are used together — 'stacking'. Not much is known about the specific long-term side effects of these combinations or mixtures with other drugs. Injectables may contain bacterial contamination or be fakes, counterfeits or other drugs entirely.
Eastern European steroids should be avoided. They are not biosynthetic; that is to say they are taken from dead animals rather than made in a laboratory.
Injecting Eastern European steroids could pass on illness such as BSE.
If steroids are injected, injecting equipment should NEVER be shared with anyone. The only guarantee of safety against Hepatitis or HIV infection is a new disposable syringe and needle for each person. HIV infection through injection is a particular threat because people who are infected with HIV appear healthy for many years after they contracted it.
There is a needle exchange at Bristol Drugs Project where new works are free and any chemist will sell new works cheaply.
If injections are not done properly infections and abscesses can occur on the injection site.
Remember, steroids should only be injected into the muscle. The best injection site is the Gluteal muscle (the buttocks). Don’t inject more than 2mls of fluid into one muscle area at a time and don’t use the same site more than twice a week.
Anabolic steroids are a class C, Schedule 4 drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971.